中国苏州:http://www.suzhou.gov.cn/zgszeng/

Overview


Suzhou, formerly romanized as Soochow, is a major city in the southeast of Jiangsu Province in Eastern China, adjacent to Shanghai Municipality. The city is on the lower reaches of the Yangtze River and on the shores of Taihu Lake and is a part of the Yangtze River Delta region. Administratively, Suzhou is a prefecture-level city with an urban population of over 4 million in its core districts expanding to over 10 million in the administrative area. It is considered one of the richest major cities in China.

Originally founded in 514 BC, Suzhou has over 2,500 years of rich history, and relics of the past are abundant to this day. Circa AD 100, during the Eastern Han Dynasty, it became one of the ten largest cities in the world due to immigration. Since the 10th-century Song Dynasty, it has been an important commercial center of China. During the Ming and Qing Dynasty, Suzhou was the nation's economic, cultural and commercial center, as well as the largest non-capital city in the world, until the 1860 Taiping Rebellion. When Li Hongzhang and Charles George Gordon recaptured the city three years later, Shanghai had already taken its predominant place in the nation.

The city's canals, stone bridges, pagodas, and meticulously designed gardens have contributed to its status as one of the top tourist attractions in China. The classical gardens in Suzhou were added to the list of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1997 and 2000. Suzhou is often dubbed the "Venice of the East" or "Venice of China".

Soochow, a city in eastern China's Jiangsu Province, is considered as beautiful as the paradise. A major tourist city, it features classic gardens and elegant natural scenery.

More and more Chinese and foreign people came here to visit, travel and work. It also attracts many foreign students to study in Soochow. If you are looking to study Engineering, Business, Chinese and Medicine, Soochow is a good option for you.

Location

It is situated by the Taihu Lake in the southern part of Jiangsu Province, in the Yangtze River Delta. With Shanghai to its east and Zhejiang Province to its south, Suzhou has a well-developed communication network and can be easily reached from all parts of China.

Of the 8,488 square kilometers of territory under the city's jurisdiction, about 10 percent is cultivated farmland; 30 percent is hilly land, and the rest is covered by waters or low terrains. Its average altitude is 4 meters above sea level. The city is famed as the Oriental Venice because it is a water city with numerous rivers, lakes and canals, such as the Yangtze River, Yangcheng Lake, Chenghu Lake and the Grand Canal. Major hills in the area include Lingyan, Tianping, Tiger (Huqiu) and Yushan.

Climate


On the north edge of the subtropical zone, Suzhou has monsoon maritime climate, with mildly cold winter and humid summer. Its annual average temperature is 15.7°C.

Economy

Soochow is currently one of the fastest growing cities in China and one of the important economic center in the Yangtze river delta economic circle.

Soochow owes Soochow port which is the largest inland river in China and the largest port in Jiangsu. Transportation in Soochow is very convenient. Railway and highway transportation network extending in all directions and in major cities across the country are linked together.

In terms of economic aggregate, Soochow economic output (GDP) in 2012 reached 1.201145 trillion Yuan (not including Suzhou industrial park). If contain Soochow industrial park, its total economic output (GDP) in 2012, 173.8 billion Yuan , the fifth in China mainland.

History & Culture

Originally founded in 514 BC, Suzhou has over 2,500 years of rich history, and relics of the past are abundant to this day. Circa AD 100, during the Eastern Han Dynasty, it became one of the ten largest cities in the world due to immigration. Since the 10th-century Song Dynasty, it has been an important commercial center of China. During the Ming and Qing Dynasty, Suzhou was the nation's economic, cultural and commercial center, as well as the largest non-capital city in the world, until the 1860 Taiping Rebellion. When Li Hongzhang and Charles George Gordon recaptured the city three years later, Shanghai had already taken its predominant place in the nation.

Suzhou is a paradise for gourmets, with hundreds of years of culinary experimentation. Suzhou cuisine is light in taste and sweeter than neighboring Yangzhou’s Huaiyang Cuisine. Each course is individually prepared and the emphasis is on the use of quality ingredients and attention to detail meaning the dishes are all unique in color, aroma, shape and taste.

There are many signature dishes of Suzhou that make up a formal banquet Suzhou style and which are renowned throughout China.Squirrel-Shaped Mandarin Fishis the most famous, legendary both home and abroad. The Mandarin Fish is characterized by its lack of bones and the softness of its meat. The head of the fish, its mouth positioned wide open, and the tail bent upwards, gives the overall look of a squirrel. The fish is also cut into spikes resembling the fur. It is finished with shrimp, dried bamboo shoots and a sweet-and-sour sauce and thus the Squirrel-shaped Mandarin Fish is complete in color, shape, and flavor.The second dish of a typical Suzhou banquet isWhitebait Soup.Whitebait, noted for its soft texture, appears on the Suzhou fish market every fall. This light, delicious soup is seasoned with ham, bamboo slices, green vegetable leaves, and includes the whitebait’s liver.Biluo Shelled Shrimpsare named after Bi Luo Chun tea, arguably the finest green tea in all of China, which comes from Suzhou. This dish is prepared using the tea to flavor the shrimp, allowing for a unique taste. The fourth dish on any menu isCracking Eel Paste, where rice field eels are broiled, stir-fried or quick-boiled. The cracking refers to the sound of the oil having been served immediately after cooking.Watermelon Chickenis a dish that is braised and then marinated by using the watermelon. This allows a combination of both sweet and savory flavors.

In addition to these formal banquet dishes, Suzhou also has food from Taihu Lake with a difference. With the Taihu Lake as a backdrop, you can experience what has come to be known asTaihu Boat Dishes.Taihu Boat Dishes first appeared in the Tang Dynasty, over 1,000 years ago, when rich officials and merchants held banquets on boats so they could enjoy the beautiful scenery while dining. Since 1994, Boat Dishes have become a well established tradition in Guangfu town on the eastern bank of the Taihu Lake. There are now 13 magnificent boat restaurants along the fishing harbor offering wide varieties of fresh seafood.SteamedWhite FishandWater Shield Soup with Egg Flakesare some of the best known dishes. White fish is a specialty of the Taihu Lake, steamed with shredded ginger and red and green peppers, it is a wonderful dish in texture, look, aroma and of course, taste. Water Shield Soup with Egg Flakes is just as popular, especially as it is a nutritious soup while still being extremely appetizing.

Furthermore, Suzhou has various snacks, ideal for a tea or coffee break. They may not appear in large restaurants but you can still find them in ordinary stands or shops. Dragon Head Sweet Potatoes with Sugar Juice, Gorgon Fruit with Osmanthus, Plum Blossom Cakes, and Boiled Lotus Roots with Osmanthus are the best of these unique treats.