中国南京:http://english.nanjing.gov.cn/

Overview

Nanjing, called Ning for short, isthecapitalofJiangsuprovinceinChina and a city full of vigor and opportunities. It is a window for you to get a glimpse of real China. Touring, Studying and living here, you may find it changing and growing every day, you may find it a city with Chinese tradition as the background and full of many modern qualities, and you may feel the hospitality of the people here.

The total area of Nanjing is 6598 square kilometers, including 4728 square kilometers as urban area, and its total population is 10.127million(2011).

Nanjing and has a prominent place in Chinese history and culture, having been the capital of China on several occasions. Located in the lower Yangtze River drainage basin and Yangtze River Delta economic zone, Nanjing has long been one of China's most important cities. It is the second-largest commercial center in the East China region after Shanghai and has been ranked seventh in the evaluation of “Cities with Strongest Comprehensive Strength” issued by the National Statistics Bureau.

Meanwhile, Nanjing has long been a national center of education, research, transport networks, and tourism. There are more than 30 higher institutes in Nanjing city such as Nanjing University, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing Medical University etc..

Location

Nanjing is situated in the lower reaches of the Yangtze River, at 32°03’N and 118°47’E. It borders with the Yangtze River Delta to the east and the hilly areas of South Anhui to the west, adjacent to the water network of Taihu Lake in the south and the Jianghuai Plain in the north. With the "golden waterway" Yangtze River flowing through the city, it is 380km from the Yangtze River’s estuary to the sea, and about 300km to Shanghai, the largest city of China.

Climate

Nanjing is in the monsoon climate area of north subtropical zone. The four seasons are distinct here, with damp conditions seen throughout the year, very hot and muggy summers, cold, damp winters, and in between, spring and autumn are of reasonable length.. Its annual average temperature is 14, and the annual average precipitation 1034 mm.

Economy

Nanjing has been a center of trade and commerce since ancient times. Its position as a major port city along several important Yangtze trade routes has served it well for centuries, and today its location at the intersection of three major railway lines in the booming Yangtze delta continues to facilitate its growth. In recent years, Nanjing has been developing its economy, commerce, industry, as well as city construction. Under the correct leadership of the provincial government, the city of Nanjing has made significant achievements in its economy and society and won a good beginning to start the "Fifth-Five Year Plan" as the people of the region from top downwards seized the opportunities and deal with the crisis and challenges by taking firm steps under the light of scientific outlook on development. In 2011, the GDP citywide reached RMB614.552 billion, up 12% YOY; Local general budget revenue reached RMB63.5 billion, up 22.4%. In 2011, the city's industrial output value of industrial enterprises above designated size was RMB 1 trillion, and the tax revenue and profits totally was more than RMB100 billion.

History & Culture

Nanjing, an ancient capital of China, enjoys a worldwide reputation for its history and culture. Archaeological findings show that human ancestors lived in Nanjing area around 300,000 years ago, and primitive villages took shape 6000 years ago. Since the 3rd Century AD, 10 dynasties and regimes made Nanjing the capital and established the country: Wu, Eastern Jin, Southern Dynasties (Sung, Qi, Liang, Chen), Southern Tang, Ming, Taiping Heavenly Kingdom and the Republic of China, hence the titles “Ancient Capital for Six Dynasties” and “Capital City for Ten Dynasties”. The history has left abundant Chinese historical and cultural relics in Nanjing. Nanjing was made capital in ten dynasties in history, known as one of the four major ancient capitals in China together with Beijing, Xi’an and Luoyang.

Qinhuai River, in the southwest of the city, extends one hundred kilometers. The river used to be the most flourishing part of the city in the old days. In many Chinese novels, it is renowned as a place which nurtured beauties and romance. Today, it is a place for people to recall the old splendor of this historical city. Like all sights here, it tells a story of past, present and future of the city.

As one of the four ancient cities in China, Najing boasts time-honored history and profound culture. Nanjing is also one of the educational and cultural centers in China, where traditional Chinese festivals are all celebrated. On Spring Festival, Nanjing people will post couplets and Door Gods, and some literati even post a picture of cock onto the door. On Lantern Festival, lantern show would be offered, together with other activities of Tomb-sweeping day, spring outing, and Double Ninth Festival, climbing mountains.

As a Profound culture city, Nanjing has some special culture activities, such as Nanjing Baiju Tune, Cruise in Qinghuai River on Dragon Boat Festival, Touch Autumn on Mid-autumn Day, Welcome Wealth God on Little Year, etc.

Nanjing Baiju Tune

Baiju is a prevalent storytelling and ballad singing folk tune in Nanjing, which is revolved from songs sung by workers when producing cloud brocade. With a history of 600 years, Baiju is the only old folk tune in Nanjing. The actor of performing Nanjing Baiju is generally one or two persons, with a maximum of 5 persons. All the dialogue in Baiju is spoken in Nanjing dialect, easy to understand but full of humor. It is a distinctive singing art brimming with Nanjing local flavor.

Cruise in Qinghuai River on Dragon Boat Festival

On the Dragon Boat Festival, Nanjing people eat rice dumplings and Green Bean Cake. Also people will use the sunshine-exposed water to wash eyes to avoid eye disease. Moreover, people will hang the folium artemisiae argyi onto the door to drive away bad luck. At night, houses flanked on both sides of Qinhuai River are decorated with colorful lanterns, and people will cruise on the dragon boat to appreciate the enchanting nightscape of Qinhuai River.

Touch Autumn on Mid-autumn Day

The Mid-autumn Day is also referred as August Festival in southern China. On this day, people living far away will try their best to return home for family reunion. Nanjing people enjoy sitting together and appreciating moon with family members. Hanging out on this night is called "Walking under Moonlight". On this special night, people will worship the moon: display various fruits and moon-cakes and then burn incense and firecrackers as a way of praying health and good luck.

Welcome Wealth God on Little Year

According to the custom of Nanjing, the fifth day of January in lunar calendar is called "Little Year", which is an important day for Nanjing people. On this day, all the trashes stored would be cleared thoroughly. People will stay up and wait for the coming of 0:00 on next day. When it comes, different kinds of cracks would be lit simultaneously and Nanjing city is brimming with spree atmosphere. On this day, according to the tradition of Nanjing, various lanterns of diverse shape would start to hang onto the Confucius Temple.